Oncology is the science which studies and treats cancerous conditions of body.
Uro-oncology is branch of oncology which treats cancerous conditions and tumors of of genitourinary tract.
This can be tumor of kidney ureter bladder prostate testicles and adrenal Gland.
Genitourinary tract cancer present most commonly with blood in urine which is also known as hematuria sometimes there can be a palpable mass for growth. Many a times these conditions go unnoticed as symptoms generally present very late.
Depending upon your symptoms your doctor may ask you to undergo following test.
Ultrasonography of abdomen 4 CT scan or MRI of abdomen 5 Diagnostic cystoscopy
Unfortunately there are no primary medications to cure the cancer which arise from kidney urinary bladder prostate or testicles.
As long as tumor is localised to the organ generally involves removal of the cancerous area.
Sometimes it is possible to remove cancer completely even if it is gone beyond primary organ and has involved surrounding organs to certain extent but if the the tumor is spread too distant organs then multimodality approach is best option.
A tumor is localised to primary
Organ surgery is the best and the primary modality of cure. Nowadays surgery is done by laparoscopic method which does not require big incision. Patient can go home after surgery within one or two days and recovery is very fast as there is not much blood loss or weakness.
Which medications are in effective in curing and treating primary cancer sometimes these medications can be given to reduce the symptoms but disease may continue to progress in the background. Therefore you must always take specialist opinion for any suspected tumor or cancer.