Seeing blood in your urine, also known as hematuria, can be a frightening experience. It’s natural to worry about the cause, but the good news is that it doesn’t always signal a serious health condition.

Types of Hematuria:

Hematuria can be classified into two main types:

Causes of Blood in Urine:

Several factors can contribute to blood in the urine. Here’s a breakdown of some common causes:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): UTIs are bacterial infections that can affect any part of the urinary tract, from the urethra to the kidneys. UTIs are a frequent cause of blood in the urine, particularly in women.

Kidney Stones: These hard deposits can form in the kidneys and irritate the urinary tract as they pass, causing blood in the urine. You might also experience pain in the flank (lower back or side), nausea, and vomiting.

Enlarged Prostate (In Men): An enlarged prostate gland can put pressure on the urethra, causing irritation and blood in the urine. This is more common in older men.

Bladder Cancer: While less frequent, blood in the urine can be a symptom of bladder cancer. Other potential signs include frequent urination, pain or burning during urination, and blood clots in the urine.

Other Causes: strenuous exercise, certain medications (blood thinners), kidney diseases, and injuries to the urinary tract can also cause blood in the urine.

When to See a Doctor:

While some causes of hematuria might be minor, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly to determine the underlying cause and receive proper treatment. Here are some situations that warrant immediate medical attention:

Chart: Blood in Urine (Hematuria) – When to See a Doctor

Blood in urine onlySee a doctor within a few days.
Blood in urine with pain, burning, or difficulty urinatingSee a doctor within 24 hours.
Blood in urine with blood clots, fever, or chillsSeek immediate medical attention.
Blood in urine with a history of bladder cancer or other risk factorsSee a doctor as soon as possible.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Doctors will typically inquire about your medical history, symptoms, and lifestyle habits. A physical examination and urine tests are standard procedures. Depending on the suspected cause, additional tests like imaging studies (ultrasound, CT scan) or cystoscopy (visual examination of the bladder) might be recommended.

Treatment for hematuria depends on the underlying cause. For UTIs, antibiotics are prescribed. Kidney stones might require medication, dietary changes, or procedures to break down or remove the stones. In cases of enlarged prostate or bladder cancer, treatment options vary depending on the severity and other factors.


Blood in the urine can be a cause for concern, but it doesn’t always indicate a serious medical condition. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for addressing the underlying cause and preventing complications. If you notice blood in your urine, don’t hesitate to consult your doctor. By working together with your healthcare provider, you can ensure a proper diagnosis and receive the necessary treatment for optimal health.

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